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POLAR FLIGHTS
 
 
The exhibition includes a panorama display with a DHC-3-Otter in a snow-covered landscape on a research assignment in the Antarctic, together with text and photographs illustrating polar flights from Andrees air voyage in 1897, via Amundsen's airship voyage in 1926, to the development of polar navigation aids in the 1950's.
 
 



 
  History

  • 1897: Engineer Andrees' balloon voyage in the Arctic ended in catastrophe. The remains of the expedition were found 33 years later. Owing to finds of exposed film and diaries, we were able to ascertain what had happened to them.

  • 1923: Roald Amundsen, who won the race to the South Pole, claimed that aircraft and balloons would be the means of transport used for future polar expeditions. He took his civilian pilot's licence in 1914 and attempted several flights in the north. On his expedition through the North-West Passage on the polar vessel "Maud", he made use of a Curtiss reconnaissance aircraft. In the same year, he wanted to fly from Wainwright in Alaska to Spitzbergen. However, his plane, a Junkers F-13, crashed during landing, and his attempt was stopped.
 



  • 1925: Amundsen attempts to fly to the North Pole with two Dornier Wal aircraft, the N24 and N25. Emergency landing at 880 north. The crew spent 25 days hewing a runway out of the ice in order to return to Spitzbergen.

  • 1926: The Amundsen, Ellsworth, Nobile expedition reached the North Pole on the airship "Norge".

  • 1929: Wilkins og Eielson fløy fra Alaska til Svalbard via Nordpolen.
    Not all attempts at flying over the North Pole were merely the acts of madmen. Together, these courageous men procured the knowledge that was necessary to clear the way for navigation over the polar regions.

  • 1957: After a long period of test flights, two SAS aircraft met over the North Pole on February 24th 1957 - one on its way to Tokyo, the other on its way from there. The first inter-continental flight over the North Pole had come true.


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